India has some forty to eighty million folks living with disability, among them thirty percent of them ate youngsters below the age of fourteen years. In Indian nienty per cent of disabled kids do not get any form of schooling. There are number of families which are living below the poverty and numerous families have to make choices about, which of their children they can afford to send to school. Parents of disabled kids have far more hard options, as they also have the burden of medical treatment, and other people.
No population-based study has been conducted at the national level to supply genuine information on the prevalence and incidence of disability in India. As a result we need to rely on the projections made by trial surveys. According to an estimation population with disability in India is about over 90 million, of these twelve million are blind, twenty nine million are with low vision, twelve million are with speech and hearing defects, six million orthopedically handicapped, twenty four million mentally retarded, eight million mentally ill.
In a separate survey of kids (age -14 years) with delayed mental growth, it was found that twenty nine out of thousand children in the rural areas had developmental delays, which are typically linked with mental retardation. The government has no record of the number of disabled students in schools but according to activists the number of kids of school-going age who suffer from disabilities may well be more than twenty million.
To make the education system much more effective, government has promised to include disabled youngsters in all its educational programs, such as the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS).
These days there are more than 3 thousand unique schools in India nine hundred are schools for the hearing impaired, four hundred for children with visual impairment, seven hundred for those with locomotors disabilities, and 1 thousand for the mentally disabled. Quite few schools have resource rooms and employ unique education teachers to aid keep youngsters with unique wants in their system. Sadly, these amenities are found in very couple of cities.
Although India has a growing disability rights movement and 1 of the a lot more progressive policy frameworks in the developing world, a lot more requirements to be carried out in accomplishment and getting the basics right. We should teach disabled childrens’ parents how to grow to be an efficient supporter for their child. A main goal such backing skill of parents is to empower them to be more profitable and knowledgeable about legal provisions and schemes. Informed, supportive families are better able to make excellent decisions for their child.