Traditionally, special education is a lot-neglected and not a lot thought of sector in India. In most instances, the responsibility of educating and nurturing the talents of a visually or mentally challenged child rests solely upon the parents. This is unlike the western countries where special education as a branch of study and career is given due care and attention. Times are, nevertheless, changing in Indian scenario also. A number of unique schools and institutes have opened up across the country and the best possible education is now obtainable to disadvantaged students. Professionally qualified special educators undertake this difficult task. A big number of grants and subsidies are also accessible to the sector.
Areas of work
Special education is a vast, varied and specialized field. Educators typically pick to specialize in a particular region of work and gain further knowledge and experience in that field. Alternatives offered for specialization contain:
• Physically challenged students
• Mentally challenged students
• Hearing impaired students
• Visually challenged students
Role of Unique Educators
One of the foremost requirements of a special educator in the field is to have infinite patience and capability to connect with youngsters of special wants. Unlike teachers in mainstream education who are largely involved with teaching and evaluation alone, that too as per a regular format and definition, the unique educators have numerous responsibilities. Teaching does form an important part of the unique educator’s job. In addition to teaching, the educator is involved in additional curricular, vocational and sports-related activities. A lot of a time, kids with unique needs and parents also look upon special educators as counselors. A large number of special educators possess degrees in child psychology, counseling and social work. Often they are involved in training parents and volunteers.
Development of curriculum is also not standardized as in regular schools. Hence, unique educators are actively involved in developing and revising curriculum. Syllabus might be tailored to suit the wants of individual students in some instances. Educational aids grow to be essential in unique education. The development, purchase and review of such aids also fall within the duties of the educator. In short the role of special educator is much larger and with higher responsibility than that of a standard teacher.
Special educators work largely in educational or medical set-ups. Openings are obtainable in unique schools run by different societies such as the Spastic Society of India or those run by central government or various state governments, a big number of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) operating in the area, hospitals & clinics, rehabilitation centers as also as private sector as teachers.